Neuralgia Symptoms

Neuralgia is known as irritation or inflammation of one or more nerves that cause sudden pain, sharp and intense it starts, first, at one point and then spreads to nearby areas leading to many

Neuralgia Symptoms

that can be similar to other illnesses.  Neuralgia is also referred to as peripheral neuralgia

In the case of facial neuralgia, the pain may begin on the cheeks and then can be spread to the forehead or to the chin. When pain affects the shoulder, it can spread to the arm or ribs. The symptoms usually develop in the form of attacks or attacks which may be triggered by diseases such as shingles that affects the intercostal nerves, a bad cold or a tooth with advanced cavity, wound healing, exposure to sudden changes in the temperature (hot or cold), certain movements (such as when lifting a weight by adopting an improper posture), calcium deficiency or vitamin B, alcohol abuse, stress, nervousness or depression.

Even the changes in the vertebrae, a misalignment of the jaw or a dislocation of the joints that pinch the nerves or muscles tensed and contracted can cause neuralgia.

There a few ways to prevent neuralgia. Any how has it or knows of someone with neuralgia symptoms know that the pain is intense. Here are a few things to consider:

 

  • Maintaining a balanced diet rich in whole grains
  • Consume yeast, as this dietary supplement containing vitamin B which is very effective in preventing neuralgia.
  • Do not drink alcohol, which can have detrimental effects on the nerves.
  • Practice regular exercises to loosen and relax smooth muscles and shrink and stretch your legs and rotating the joints of the feet if you have more propensity to suffer from neuralgia in those areas.
  • Avoid chewing gum, eating hard candy, and grit your teeth if it is likely to suffer from facial neuralgia.

If you already have neuralgia here are some recommendations that may help:

  • Adopt a special diet for cases of neuralgia in the jaw area with fluids and soft foods that require little mastication to swallowing. In this way, you avoid the constant effort of the muscles in the painful area.
  •  Medical assistance if he neuralgia produces a highly intense pain or persists after 10 days.

If you have any Neuralgia Symptoms do not let it go on long before seeking medical help.  This way you may save yourself further pain in the long run.  The nerves in the body can be tricky and set off  or be a warning of other conditions that may interfere with how the body functions.  Many people thing the pain will just go away, well sometimes it does, but if it lasts for more than a few days without subsiding seek medical attention.

What Causes Peripheral Neuropathy?

What Causes Peripheral Neuropathy

can either be inherited or acquired. The causes of acquired peripheral neuropathy include physical injury to a nerve, tumors, toxins, autoimmune responses, nutritional deficiencies, alcoholism, vascular or metabolic disorders.

Acquired peripheral neuropathies are grouped into three broad categories: those caused by systemic diseases, those caused by trauma from external agents, or those caused by infections or autoimmune disorders affecting nerve tissue. An example of acquired peripheral neuropathy is trigeminal neuralgia (also known as tic douloureux), in which damage to the trigeminal nerve (the large nerve head and face) causes episodic attacks of excruciating pain, quick as lightning, a side of the face. In some cases the cause is a viral infection, tumor pressure on the nerve or blood vessel dilator, or, rarely, multiple sclerosis. In many cases it is possible to identify a specific cause. Doctors usually refer to neuropathies with no apparent cause as idiopathic neuropathies.

Physical injury is the most common cause of injury to a nerve. Injury or sudden trauma, for example caused by an automobile accident, fall or sports-related activities can lead to nerves being cut partially or completely crushed, compressed or stretched, sometimes so hard that remain completely or partially separated from the spinal cord. Less dramatic traumas also can cause serious nerve damage. A broken or dislocated bones can exert damaging compression on surrounding nerves, and slipped disks between vertebrae can compress nerve fibers where they emerge from the spinal cord.

Systemic diseases, disorders that affect the entire body-often causes peripheral neuropathy. These disorders may include:

Metabolic and endocrine disorders. Nervous tissues are very vulnerable to damage caused by diseases that affect the body’s ability to transform nutrients into energy materials, processing waste, or substances that make up living tissue. Diabetes mellitus, which is characterized by chronically high blood glucose levels is a major cause of peripheral neuropathy in the United States. About 60 to 70 percent of people with diabetes have mild to severe forms of nervous system damage.

Kidney disorders may lead to excessively high amounts of toxic substances in the blood, causing severe damage to nerve tissue. Most patients who require dialysis as a result of kidney failure, develop polyneuropathy. Some liver diseases also cause neuropathy as a result of failures in the balance of chemicals.

Hormonal imbalances can disrupt metabolic processes and cause neuropathies. For example, a low production of thyroid hormones causes slow metabolism, causing fluid retention and swelling of tissues, which can push the peripheral nerves. The overproduction of growth hormone can lead to acromegaly, a condition characterized by abnormal growth of some parts of the skeleton, including the joints. Courses along the nerves to the affected joints are often caught.

Vitamin deficiencies and alcoholism can cause widespread damage to nerve tissue. Vitamins E, B1, B6, B12 and niacin are essential for healthy functioning of nerves. A thiamine deficiency is common among alcoholics, because they generally have poor eating habits. Thiamine deficiency can cause a painful neuropathy in the extremities. Some researchers believe that excessive consumption of alcohol can, by itself, contribute directly to nerve damage, a condition known as alcoholic neuropathy.

Vascular damage and blood diseases can decrease oxygen supply to peripheral nerves, which quickly produce serious injury or death of nerve tissue in the same way the lack of oxygen to the brain can cause a stroke. Diabetes often leads to constriction of blood vessels. Various forms of vasculitis (blood vessel inflammation) frequently cause hardening and thickening of the walls of blood vessels, which develop scar tissue, decreasing their diameter and impeding blood flow. This category of nerve damage, which occurs in isolated nerve damage in various areas, is called mononeuropathy multiplex or multifocal mononeuropathy.

Connective tissue disorders and chronic inflammation can cause direct and indirect damage to the connective tissue. When multiple layers of protective tissue around the nerves become inflamed, the swelling can go directly to the nerve fibers. Chronic inflammation also leads to progressive destruction of connective tissue, making nerve fibers become more vulnerable to compression injuries and infections. Joints can become inflamed and swollen, compressing nerves and causing pain even more intense.

Cancers and benign tumors can infiltrate or exert damaging pressure on nerve fibers. Tumors also can arise directly from the tissues of the nerve cells. Widespread polyneuropathy is often associated with neurofibromatosis, genetic diseases in which multiple benign tumors grow on nerve tissue. Neuromas, benign masses of tissue that can grow lush after a penetrating wound that cuts the nerve fibers, generate very intense pain signals and sometimes invading nearby nerves, causing even greater damage and pain. The formation of neuromas may be an element of a more widespread condition of neuropathic pain called complex regional pain syndrome or reflex sympathetic dystrophic syndrome, which can be caused by traumatic injuries or surgical trauma. Paraneoplastic syndromes, a group of rare degenerative disorders, produced by the reaction of the immune system of the person to a cancerous tumor, can also damage nerves in widespread indirect.

Repetitive stress frequently leads to entrapment neuropathies, a special category of compression injury. Repetitive activities, heavy, cumbersome and require the bending of a group of joints for prolonged periods, can cause cumulative damage. The irritation can cause the ligaments, tendons and muscles become inflamed and swollen, restricting the narrow ducts through which pass through certain nerves. These lesions are more common during pregnancy, probably because weight gain and fluid retention also constrict nerve conduits.

The toxins can also damage peripheral nerves. Heavy metals (such as arsenic, mercury or thallium) Industrial drugs or environmental toxins, which people have been exposed often cause neuropathy. Some anticancer drugs, anticonvulsants, antiviral agents and antibiotics have side effects that may include damage to peripheral nerves, thereby limiting its long-term use.

Infections and autoimmune disorders can cause peripheral neuropathy. Viruses and bacteria that can attack nerve tissues include herpes varicella-zoster (shingles) Epstein-Barr virus, cytomegalovirus and herpes simplex-members of the vast family of human herpes virus. These viruses cause serious damage to sensory nerves, causing attacks of sharp pain that feels like lightning strikes. Postherpetic neuralgia often occurs after a shingles attack and can be especially painful.

The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that causes AIDS also causes extensive damage to the central and peripheral nervous systems. The virus can cause several different forms of neuropathy, each associated with a specific stage of immunodeficiency disease. Often a painful polyneuropathy and fast forward that affects the feet and hands is the first apparent clinical signs of HIV infection.

Lyme disease, diphtheria and leprosy are bacterial diseases characterized by widespread damage to peripheral nerves. Although diphtheria and leprosy are now rare in the United States, Lyme disease is increasing however. Can cause a wide range of neuropathic disorders including painful polyneuropathy of rapid development, often within weeks of initial infection by the bite of a tick.

Viral and bacterial infections can also cause nerve damage, producing conditions that are called autoimmune disorders, in which specialized cells and antibodies of the immune system attack the body’s own tissues. These attacks typically cause destruction of the myelin sheath of nerve or axon (the long fiber that extends out from the main body of the nerve cell).

Some neuropathies are the result of inflammation caused by immune system activities rather than by direct damage of infectious organisms. Inflammatory neuropathies can develop in a slow or fast, and chronic forms may show an alternating pattern of remission and relapse. Acute inflammatory demyelinating neuropathy, more commonly known as Guillain-Barre syndrome, can damage motor nerve fibers, sensory and autonomic. Most people recover from this syndrome although severe cases can be life threatening. Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy is usually less dangerous, but although it can cause damage to the sensory motor nerves, autonomic nerves left intact. Multifocal motor neuropathy is a form of inflammatory neuropathy that affects only the motor nerves and may be chronic or acute.

Inherited forms of peripheral neuropathy are caused by inherited errors in the genetic code or by new genetic mutations. Some genetic errors lead to mild neuropathies with symptoms that begin in young adults and produce little or sometimes no deterioration. The most severe hereditary neuropathies often appear in infancy or early childhood.

The most common inherited neuropathies are a group of disorders to the disease known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth. These neuropathies result from flaws in genes responsible for the production of neurons or the myelin sheath. The characteristics of a typical Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease include extreme weakness and thinning of the muscles in the legs and feet, abnormal gait, loss of tendon reflexes, and numbness of the lower extremities

There are many illnesses that contribute to what causes peripheral neuropathy. While there are some that are preventable, there are many that are not.  If you suspect that you may have peripheral neuropathy then you will want to seek medical care to prevent advancement of the disorder.

How Peripheral is Neuropathy Diagnosed

How Peripheral is Neuropathy Diagnosed

is often difficult because symptoms vary widely. Usually required to carry out a thorough neurological examination including a detailed medical history (neuralgia symptoms, workplace, social habits, exposure to toxins, a history of alcoholism, risk of HIV or other infectious diseases, and family history of neurological). Should be screened to identify the cause of neuropathic disorder and others to determine the degree and type of nerve damage.

A general physical examination, and other related tests can reveal the presence of a systemic disease as the cause of neuronal damage. Blood tests can detect diabetes, vitamin deficiencies, a functional failure of the liver or kidneys, or indicators of abnormal activity of the immune system. An examination of the cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the brain and spinal cord may reveal the presence of abnormal antibodies associated with neuropathy. Even more specialized tests may reveal other cardiovascular disease or blood, connective tissue disorders, or indicators of malignancy. Tests that measure muscle strength, as well as signs of cramping or twitching, may suggest that motor fibers are involved. An evaluation of the patient’s ability to sense vibration, light touch, body position, temperature and pain, may reveal sensory nerve damage and may indicate whether the nerve fibers are large or small those affected.

Based on the results of physical and neurological examinations, patient history, examinations and previous tests, additional tests may be requested to determine the nature and extent of neuropathy.

Computed tomography (CT scan) is a non-invasive and painless images used to produce fast and clear two-dimensional organs, bones and tissues. X-rays through the body from different angles and are detected by a computerized scan. The information is processed and displayed in cross-sectional images or “slices” of the internal body structure or organ. CT scans may detect neurological and vascular irregularities of the bones, some brain tumors and cysts, herniated disc, encephalitis, spinal stenosis (narrowing of spinal canal) and other disorders.

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies the quality and size of the muscles, senses some fatty replacement of muscle tissue and determines if a nerve has been damaged by compression. The MRI machine creates a strong magnetic field around the body. Then, radio waves are sent through the body, which triggers a resonance signal that can be detected at different angles within the body. A computer processes these resonances making them three-dimensional pictures or as a “cut” two-dimensional scan area.

Electromyography (EMG) involves inserting a thin needle into the muscle to compare the amount of electrical activity that is present when the muscles are inactive and when they contract. EMG testing helps to differentiate between disorders of muscle and nerves. The evidence of conduction velocity (NCV) nerve can measure exactly the extent of damage in nerve fibers greater, indicating whether the symptoms are caused by degeneration of the myelin sheath or the axon. During this test, a needle electrically stimulates a nerve fiber, which responds by generating its own electrical impulse. An electrode placed later in the course of the measures the speed of nerve impulse transmission along the axon. A slowing or blocking the transmission tend to indicate damage to the myelin sheath, while a decrease in the strength of the impulse is a sign of axonal degeneration.

A nerve biopsy requires the extraction and analysis of a sample of nerve tissue, usually of the distal leg. Although this test provides valuable information about the degree of injury to a nerve, it is a difficult procedure to perform and may itself cause neuropathic side effects. However, many experts think it is always necessary to perform a biopsy for a diagnosis.

The skin biopsy is a test in which doctors remove a skin sample and examine the ends of nerve fibers. This test has particular advantages over the evidence of conduction velocity and nerve biopsies. Unlike the conduction velocity tests, this test can reveal damage present in smaller fibers. In contrast to conventional nerve biopsy, skin biopsy is less invasive, has fewer side effects and is easier to perform.

A combination of procedures or tests may be preformed to successfully diagnose neuropathy to be able to come up with the appropriate neuropathy treatment.