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Occipital Neuralgia Symptoms

Some of the most distinct

Occipital Neuralgia Symptoms

are severe pain that begins in the neck and travels upward to the scalp, causing painful headaches. Occipital nerve irritation causes headaches, which are characterized by stabbing pain or a feeling of electric shock to the head.  There are several treatments to relieve pain and reduce nerve sensitivity.

The term neuralgia is used to define the pain that occurs along a nerve.  In occipital neuralgia, the pain in one or both of the occipital nerves. T he occipital nerves are in the second and third vertebrae of the neck in the area where the neck and spine. Occipital nerve travels to each side of the head.

The occipital neuralgia symptoms include burning, throbbing or shooting pain in the upper neck, back of the head and the area behind the ears. You may also feel pain in the forehead, behind the eyes and scalp.  Scalp tenderness often accompanied by pain, making it difficult to do routine tasks such as brushing hair.  As the pain increases, it is possible that bright lights bother your eyes.

Occipital neuralgia can occur if the neck muscles are tight and may be the result of keeping the head in a downward position for long periods of time.  When tightening the muscles, occipital nerve is pinched and irritated.  Tumors, injury or arthritis of the neck can cause compression of the occipital nerves. Other possible causes of occipital neuralgia include trauma to the head or neck, cervical disc problems, diabetes, infections, gout or inflammation of blood vessels.  In some cases, there is no known cause.

A diagnosis is made based on medical history, symptoms and examination.  Your doctor may suggest you have a CT scan or MRI scan. These tests produce cross-sectional images of your neck, allowing your doctor to identify problem areas or structural compression of nerve in the neck or the spinal canal.

Occipital neuralgia may be relieved by simple measures at home. Applying heat to the area along with taking anti-inflammatory medication or muscle relaxants can loosen tight neck muscles and eliminate occipital neuralgia symptoms. Anticonvulsant drugs and physical therapy may also help to relieve pain. Nerve blocks can be used to diagnose occipital neuralgia pain. During a nerve block, injected steroids and local anesthetic through the scalp in the nerve, temporarily isolating the occipital nerve.

Myalgia Symptoms

Myalgia is the medical term for sore muscles, which can be associated with many conditions from overuse of muscles or injuries , some problems health serious underlying so it is important to identify

Myalgia Symptoms

as soon as possible.  Usually mild muscle pain disappears in a day or two if it is not related to any serious health problem.

But myalgia or prolonged muscle pain could be a sign of certain diseases or disorders. The appropriate treatment depends on several factors, such as the underlying causes and the severity of pain . Before going into the details of the treatment of myalgia, let’s take a brief look at the causes and symptoms of this condition. The causes of myalgia, as already mentioned, myalgia may be caused by a wide range of factors, but more commonly associated with overuse of muscles or group of muscles, an injury or trauma, such as sprains and strains. With the exception of injury trauma, infections such as viral, flu and electrolyte imbalance are some of the most common causes of myalgia.

With myalgia symptoms, the most common symptoms of myalgia is pain or muscle pain. Some of the symptoms that can be experienced myalgia are tingling and numbness in the muscles affected, swelling and redness. Myalgia can affect the muscles of different parts of the body and, consequently, their symptoms may vary to some extent. When myalgia affects the muscles of the cervical region, which can cause headaches and heaviness of the head, along with sore muscles.

Sometimes, you can also restrict the movement of the neck. If myalgia affects the muscles of the heart , then the symptoms will produce an irregular heartbeat.  Such a condition may place an individual at greater risk of heart problems, bone fractures, respiratory problems, and shortness of breath can also be experienced by myalgia, if it affects the muscles of the respiratory system.

Myalgia can be treated after determining the underlying causes. If caused by factors such as overuse of the muscles , injury or trauma, then the application of hot and cold compresses can provide significant relief.  The sore muscles can also be reduced by massaging the muscles affected with smooth movements.  Massage is an effective option for the treatment of myalgia.  You can help reduce muscle pain associated with fibromyalgia too .

However, if the affected muscles are too painful to be relieved by these home remedies, then analgesics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and acetaminophen may be required. Muscle relaxants can also be used for the treatment of myalgia. Another effective way to treat myalgia caused by physical inactivity, and the conditions as, fibromyalgia is exercise regularly.

Stretching and exercise aerobics can help tone and strengthen the muscles of the body and prevent future episodes of myalgia. The exercises can also increase the flexibility of the muscles to avoid frequent sprains or strains. A hot bath is another simple and effective option for relieving muscle pain. Along with these, you can talk to your doctor about physical therapy for long-term management of muscle pain or your myalgia symptoms. If myalgia is caused by a disease or disorder, then you can be relieved by treatment of the underlying condition.

Fibromyalgia Symptoms

There are many

Fibromyalgia Symptoms

are similar to other illnesses.  This syndrome is not contagious, but is known for the fatigue and widespread pain.  Fibromyalgia affects between 3% and 6% of the population.  The disease is more frequent among women that are between 20 to 50 years old and its prevalence has been estimated between 0.7 and 13% for women and between 0.2 and 3.9% for men.

The term fibromyalgia was coined in 1976 and comes from the Latin fiber (fiber), the Greek myo (muscle) and algia (pain). The word is related because the pain in the muscles and tissues that connect bones, ligaments and tendons. Prior to 1976 the illness was often misdiagnosed since the term had not existed.

It is not known with certainty of causes, some researchers speculate that many diverse factors which alone or in combination, can cause fibromyalgia. Others believe that sleep disorders can be a cause of fibromyalgia, however this theory is not yet proven, but it is noteworthy that if sleep disorders may exacerbate fibromyalgia symptoms.

Another hypothesis suggests instead that the disease may be associated with changes in skeletal muscle metabolism, possibly caused by decreased blood flow, which could cause chronic fatigue and weakness.

Some theories point to genetic predisposition, with emphasis on research on the COMT gene and genes related to serotonin and substance P.

One hypothesis is strongly supported by the scientific community suggests that fibromyalgia is caused by a defect interpretation of central nervous system perceives abnormal signals for pain.

This condition is considered an integral model, a disease of psycho-neuro-immuno-endocrine systems. Because their causes remain unknown, there is currently no way to prevent it.

  • The main fibromyalgia symptoms are muscle pain that occurs throughout the body, although it may start in a region thereof, such as the neck and shoulders, then spread to other areas after a certain time.
  • Numbness of hands and feet.
  • About 90 percent of people with fibromyalgia experience moderate or severe fatigue, less resistant to stress, exhaustion typically present themselves from the flu. Sometimes fatigue is more problematic than the pain.
  • Sleep disorders are: Most people with fibromyalgia experience this condition and although they may fall asleep without much difficulty, it is usually very light and wake up frequently during the night. Often, these people get up feeling tired even after sleeping all night.
  • Mood swings: When you have fibromyalgia, changes in mood are common. Many people feel sad or listless, may also feel anxious.
  • Difficulty concentrating: People with fibromyalgia it is very difficult to perform simple mental tasks. There is no evidence to prove that these problems are compounded over time, simply show up and disappear.
  • Headaches, especially muscular (tension) and migraine headaches are common symptoms of fibromyalgia.
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Changes occur most commonly between constipation and diarrhea (called irritable bowel syndrome).
  • Spasms and irritability of the bladder, causing urinary frequency or urgency.
  • Increased sensitivity to touch, burning widespread.
  • Dry eyes and mouth.
  • Buzzing and ringing in the ears (tinnitus).
  • Visual disturbances (phosphenes).
  • Are some neurological symptoms motor coordination.

There are many fibromyalgia symptoms that are similar to other illnesses so it is important to have a proper diagnosis. Although there is no cure, there are ways to help with the all of the symptoms associated with fibromyalgia.