Myalgia is the medical term for sore muscles, which can be associated with many conditions from overuse of muscles or injuries , some problems health serious underlying so it is important to identify
as soon as possible. Usually mild muscle pain disappears in a day or two if it is not related to any serious health problem.
But myalgia or prolonged muscle pain could be a sign of certain diseases or disorders. The appropriate treatment depends on several factors, such as the underlying causes and the severity of pain . Before going into the details of the treatment of myalgia, let’s take a brief look at the causes and symptoms of this condition. The causes of myalgia, as already mentioned, myalgia may be caused by a wide range of factors, but more commonly associated with overuse of muscles or group of muscles, an injury or trauma, such as sprains and strains. With the exception of injury trauma, infections such as viral, flu and electrolyte imbalance are some of the most common causes of myalgia.
With myalgia symptoms, the most common symptoms of myalgia is pain or muscle pain. Some of the symptoms that can be experienced myalgia are tingling and numbness in the muscles affected, swelling and redness. Myalgia can affect the muscles of different parts of the body and, consequently, their symptoms may vary to some extent. When myalgia affects the muscles of the cervical region, which can cause headaches and heaviness of the head, along with sore muscles.
Sometimes, you can also restrict the movement of the neck. If myalgia affects the muscles of the heart , then the symptoms will produce an irregular heartbeat. Such a condition may place an individual at greater risk of heart problems, bone fractures, respiratory problems, and shortness of breath can also be experienced by myalgia, if it affects the muscles of the respiratory system.
Myalgia can be treated after determining the underlying causes. If caused by factors such as overuse of the muscles , injury or trauma, then the application of hot and cold compresses can provide significant relief. The sore muscles can also be reduced by massaging the muscles affected with smooth movements. Massage is an effective option for the treatment of myalgia. You can help reduce muscle pain associated with fibromyalgia too .
However, if the affected muscles are too painful to be relieved by these home remedies, then analgesics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibuprofen and acetaminophen may be required. Muscle relaxants can also be used for the treatment of myalgia. Another effective way to treat myalgia caused by physical inactivity, and the conditions as, fibromyalgia is exercise regularly.
Stretching and exercise aerobics can help tone and strengthen the muscles of the body and prevent future episodes of myalgia. The exercises can also increase the flexibility of the muscles to avoid frequent sprains or strains. A hot bath is another simple and effective option for relieving muscle pain. Along with these, you can talk to your doctor about physical therapy for long-term management of muscle pain or your myalgia symptoms. If myalgia is caused by a disease or disorder, then you can be relieved by treatment of the underlying condition.