There are many
are similar to other illnesses. This syndrome is not contagious, but is known for the fatigue and widespread pain. Fibromyalgia affects between 3% and 6% of the population. The disease is more frequent among women that are between 20 to 50 years old and its prevalence has been estimated between 0.7 and 13% for women and between 0.2 and 3.9% for men.
The term fibromyalgia was coined in 1976 and comes from the Latin fiber (fiber), the Greek myo (muscle) and algia (pain). The word is related because the pain in the muscles and tissues that connect bones, ligaments and tendons. Prior to 1976 the illness was often misdiagnosed since the term had not existed.
It is not known with certainty of causes, some researchers speculate that many diverse factors which alone or in combination, can cause fibromyalgia. Others believe that sleep disorders can be a cause of fibromyalgia, however this theory is not yet proven, but it is noteworthy that if sleep disorders may exacerbate fibromyalgia symptoms.
Another hypothesis suggests instead that the disease may be associated with changes in skeletal muscle metabolism, possibly caused by decreased blood flow, which could cause chronic fatigue and weakness.
Some theories point to genetic predisposition, with emphasis on research on the COMT gene and genes related to serotonin and substance P.
One hypothesis is strongly supported by the scientific community suggests that fibromyalgia is caused by a defect interpretation of central nervous system perceives abnormal signals for pain.
This condition is considered an integral model, a disease of psycho-neuro-immuno-endocrine systems. Because their causes remain unknown, there is currently no way to prevent it.
- The main fibromyalgia symptoms are muscle pain that occurs throughout the body, although it may start in a region thereof, such as the neck and shoulders, then spread to other areas after a certain time.
- Numbness of hands and feet.
- About 90 percent of people with fibromyalgia experience moderate or severe fatigue, less resistant to stress, exhaustion typically present themselves from the flu. Sometimes fatigue is more problematic than the pain.
- Sleep disorders are: Most people with fibromyalgia experience this condition and although they may fall asleep without much difficulty, it is usually very light and wake up frequently during the night. Often, these people get up feeling tired even after sleeping all night.
- Mood swings: When you have fibromyalgia, changes in mood are common. Many people feel sad or listless, may also feel anxious.
- Difficulty concentrating: People with fibromyalgia it is very difficult to perform simple mental tasks. There is no evidence to prove that these problems are compounded over time, simply show up and disappear.
- Headaches, especially muscular (tension) and migraine headaches are common symptoms of fibromyalgia.
- Abdominal pain.
- Changes occur most commonly between constipation and diarrhea (called irritable bowel syndrome).
- Spasms and irritability of the bladder, causing urinary frequency or urgency.
- Increased sensitivity to touch, burning widespread.
- Dry eyes and mouth.
- Buzzing and ringing in the ears (tinnitus).
- Visual disturbances (phosphenes).
- Are some neurological symptoms motor coordination.
There are many fibromyalgia symptoms that are similar to other illnesses so it is important to have a proper diagnosis. Although there is no cure, there are ways to help with the all of the symptoms associated with fibromyalgia.